Republic of South Ossetia is located оn the southern slopes of the Main Caucasus Range in the area of 3900 square meters. Тhe capital is the city of Tskhinval.
One-tenth of the surface occupied by the Republic of the foothills.
The rest of the territory - the mountainous terrain height from 850 to 3938 meters above sea level.
The highest point - Mount Halatsa (3938 m).

Joint statement of South Ossetian and Abkhazian delegations on the Geneva International Discussions

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The UN General Assembly has been accepting draft resolution on refugees and displaced persons from South Ossetia and Abkhazia prepared by Georgian party for several years already. Delivering again and again the same writing of the document Georgia tries to impose on international community a unilateral politicized corrupt vision of the problem of refugees to support their non-legitimate territorial claims.


The latest draft resolution of the UN General Assembly on refugees and displaced people that was presented by Georgia in June 2016 and was similar to the previous one approved by the UN GA, refers to exercising the right of all internally displaced people, refugees and their descendants to return to “their homes located on whole territory of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Ossetia”.

The writing of the resolution they try to impose on the international community is very reticent about the fact that appearance of these refugees and displaced persons is connected with the wars launched by Georgia against South Ossetia and Abkhazia. It says nothing about the fact that of more than hundred thousand Ossetians who run of ethnic cleanings on territory of Georgia and found shelter in South Ossetia and the Russian Federation only few units succeeded in coming back to their homes.

The writing of the resolution dissembles how on their own initiative governments of South Ossetia and Abkhazia returned dozens of thousands of Georgian refugees to places of permanent residence. The writing prepared by Georgia not only doesn't consider the developed political realities (the fact that South Ossetia and Abkhazia are independent states in particular), but also proves total absence of aspiration to find solutions to complex humanitarian problems.

It is obvious that the resolution lobbied by Georgia for several years not only can't promote improvement of refugees status coming from Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, but even influences negatively the course of the Geneva discussions that remain the only platform for South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Georgia representatives to discuss a wide range of existing problems including the problem of refugees and forced migrants.

Key solution to the problem of refugees is not a diplomatic trick or propaganda effect of resolutions but refusal of confrontational posture and signing a legally binding agreement on non-use of force, and finally - a treaty of peace with Georgia on one side and the Republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia on other.

Georgian activity in turning the problem of refugees into a political issue undercuts the efforts taken within the Geneva discussions. As far as Georgia prefers to discuss issues connected with status of refugees and forced migrants in such authoritative international body as the United Nations General Assembly, South Ossetia and Abkhazia insist on the right to take part in that discussions held in the UN. Until political games on issue of refugees are played behind Abkhazia and South Ossetia backs, attempts to find solution to this problem within the Geneva discussions are useless.


June 14, 2016 Geneva